内置函数和异常

这里描述了所有的内置函数和异常。内置函数都是属于``builtins``模块,不用导入就能使用。

Functions and types

abs()
all()
any()
bin()
class bool
class bytearray
class bytes

See CPython documentation: bytes.

callable()
chr()
classmethod()
compile()
class complex
delattr(obj, name)

The argument name should be a string, and this function deletes the named attribute from the object given by obj.

class dict
dir()
divmod()
enumerate()
eval()
exec()
filter()
class float
class frozenset
getattr()
globals()
hasattr()
hash()
hex()
id()
input()
class int
classmethod from_bytes(bytes, byteorder)

In MicroPython, byteorder parameter must be positional (this is compatible with CPython).

to_bytes(size, byteorder)

In MicroPython, byteorder parameter must be positional (this is compatible with CPython).

isinstance()
issubclass()
iter()
len()
class list
locals()
map()
max()
class memoryview
min()
next()
class object
oct()
open()
ord()
pow()
print()
property()
range()
repr()
reversed()
round()
class set
setattr()
class slice

The slice builtin is the type that slice objects have.

sorted()
staticmethod()
class str
sum()
super()
class tuple
type()
zip()

Exceptions

exception AssertionError
exception AttributeError
exception Exception
exception ImportError
exception IndexError
exception KeyboardInterrupt
exception KeyError
exception MemoryError
exception NameError
exception NotImplementedError
exception OSError

See CPython documentation: OSError. MicroPython doesn’t implement errno attribute, instead use the standard way to access exception arguments: exc.args[0].

exception RuntimeError
exception StopIteration
exception SyntaxError
exception SystemExit

See CPython documentation: SystemExit.

exception TypeError

See CPython documentation: TypeError.

exception ValueError
exception ZeroDivisionError